What Is Adult Acquired Flatfoot?
Adult Acquired Flatfoot Deformity, also known as Posterior tibial tendon dysfunction (PTTD) is a condition caused by changes in the tendon, impairing its ability to support the arch. This results in flattening of the foot. The posterior tibial tendon serves as one of the major supporting structures of the foot, helping it to function while walking.
Adult Acquired Flatfoot Deformity is the most common type of flatfoot developed during adulthood. Although this condition typically occurs in only one foot, some people may develop it in both feet. Adult Acquired Flatfoot Deformity is usually progressive, which means it will keep getting worse, especially if it is not treated early.
Overuse of the posterior tibial tendon is often the cause ofAdult Acquired Flatfoot Deformity. In fact, the symptoms usually occur after activities that involve the tendon, such as running, walking, hiking or climbing stairs.
The symptoms of Adult Acquired Flatfoot Deformity may include pain, swelling, a flattening of the arch and an inward rolling of the ankle. As the condition progresses, the symptoms will change.
For example, when Adult Acquired Flatfoot Deformity initially develops, there is pain on the inside of the foot and ankle (along the course of the tendon). In addition, the area may be red, warm and swollen.
Later, as the arch begins to flatten, there may still be pain on the inside of the foot and ankle. But at this point, the foot and toes begin to turn outward and the ankle rolls inward.
As Adult Acquired Flatfoot Deformity becomes more advanced, the arch flattens even more and the pain often shifts to the outside of the foot, below the ankle. The tendon has deteriorated considerably, and arthritis often develops in the foot. In more severe cases, arthritis may also develop in the ankle.
Because of the progressive nature of Adult Acquired Flatfoot Deformity, early treatment is advised. If treated early enough, your symptoms may resolve without the need for surgery, and progression of your condition can be arrested.
In contrast, untreated Adult Acquired Flatfoot Deformity could leave you with an extremely flat foot, painful arthritis in the foot and ankle and increasing limitations on walking, running or other activities.
In many cases of Adult Acquired Flatfoot Deformity, treatment can begin with nonsurgical approaches that may include:
- Orthotic devices or bracing. To give your arch the support it needs, your foot and ankle surgeon may provide you with an ankle brace or a custom orthotic device that fits into the shoe.
- Immobilization. Sometimes a short-leg cast or boot is worn to immobilize the foot and allow the tendon to heal, or you may need to completely avoid all weightbearing for a while.
- Physical therapy. Ultrasound therapy and exercises may help rehabilitate the tendon and muscle following immobilization.
- Medications. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), such as ibuprofen, help reduce the pain and inflammation.
- Shoe modifications. Your foot and ankle surgeon may advise changes to your shoes and may provide special inserts designed to improve arch support.
When Is Surgery Needed?
In cases of Adult Acquired Flatfoot Deformity that have progressed substantially or have failed to improve with nonsurgical treatment, surgery may be required. For some advanced cases, surgery may be the only option. Your foot and ankle surgeon will determine the best approach for you.
Learn more about common foot and ankle conditions by visiting foothealthfacts.org